Support to the actual execution of the Implementation Plan for Photovoltaics of the SET Plan and monitoring the Implementation Plan’s delivery

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Monitoring and Diagnosis of Photovoltaic Plants

With the increasing penetration level of photovoltaic systems in power networks, the importance of operation-maintenance and fault detection studies on PV plants is progressively increasing. Monitoring and faults diagnosis of photovoltaic plants are important for both customers and power grid in terms of economic and technical concerns. Faults that occur over time in photovoltaic plants where automatic fault diagnosis systems are not available can only be noticed when they reach a dramatic situation. This means, in the simplest terms, reliability and security problem. Advances in economical and reliable fault detection by processing data from photovoltaic plants have not progressed at the same pace with the increase in the spread of photovoltaic systems. The size of the data received from photovoltaic systems consisting of a large number of inverters and modules as well as the changes in weather conditions are factors that make processing this data difficult. Since the panels in large scale photovoltaic plants cannot receive the same irradiance due to weather and environmental conditions and it is not feasible to integrate a sensor into each panel, it is difficult to draw a meaningful conclusion from the collected data easily. The main challenge here is that the characteristic that occurs due to weather and field conditions and the characteristic behavior that occurs in fault situations are similar to each other. In this project, a system consisting of hardware, software and interface will be developed that allows remote real-time monitoring in order to evaluate the performance of the photovoltaic system, detect faults, prevent economic losses caused by operational problems and determine required revisions. The merit of this project is to develop intelligent fault detection algorithms by using the least number of sensors, without generating false-positives.


Related IP activities: Operation and diagnosis of photovoltaic plants

Addressed IP targets: Further enhancement of lifetime, quality and sustainability and hence improving environmental performance

Funding Scheme: Other (TUBITAK - TEYDEB)

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 0

MASPVPLUS

PROJECT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROTOTYPE SYSTEM OF A STRUCTURAL BUILDING MODULE OF INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL COVERING WITH MONITORING, SECURITY AND CLOUD-BASED CONTROL


Related IP activities: PV for BIPV and similar applications

Addressed IP targets: Enabling mass realization of NZEB by BIPV through the establishment of structural collaborative innovation efforts between the PV sector and key sectors from the building industry

Funding Scheme: ERDF

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 344327.6

CHEER-UP - Low Cost High Efficient and Reliable UMG PV cells

Upgraded Metallurgical Silicon (UMG) is an ecological alternative to solar-grade silicon in terms of energy payback time (50% less) and CO2 emissions (70% less). It also has the potential to reduce the cost of raw material (around 25%). For all this, making UMG a commercial product is an opportunity to re-build European technological leadership in the photovoltaic sector by innovating upstream in the value chain.

CHEER-UP will demonstrate that UMG multicrystalline silicon is a competitive alternative for polysilicon to produce high efficiency solar cells, in terms of economics and environmental impact. This scope will be addressed with a Passivated Emitter and Rear Cell architecture (PERC) that incorporates black silicon texturization.


Related IP activities: Technologies for silicon solar cells and modules with higher quality,Manufacturing technologies

Addressed IP targets: Reduction of the cost of key technologies ,Further enhancement of lifetime, quality and sustainability and hence improving environmental performance

Funding Scheme: ERA-Net

% of PV in the project: 100%

Total budget: € 592363

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LaserGraph - In-situ laser fabrication of graphene electrodes and interlayers for next generation CIGS/Perovskite solar cells

Following decades of research, state of the art Silicon solar cells are gradually reaching their theoretical efficiency limit. An elegant way to realise even higher Photovoltaic (PV) efficiencies is to combine two semiconducting materials with matching band gaps, in tandem architecture. Owing to their exceptional optoelectronic properties, perovskites are currently in the spotlight of research and have been demonstrated to be the perfect tandem component to conventional PV technologies. In this context, tandem solar cells based on the combination of thin-film perovskite and copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) configurations have been developed and appear to be a promising next-generation, commercially viable, PV technology. However, the success of this approach relies strongly on the employed interlayer and transparent conductive electrode (TCE) technologies that are vital for the effective coupling of the tandem solar cells components. Indeed, today’s interlayers’ technology relies mainly on conductive polymers that are highly unstable, while their thickness induces parasitic absorption and limits the overall power generation. More importantly, their deposition requires methods that are hard to implement in large-scale devices without damaging the perovskite part of the device. LASERGRAPH proposes the application of in-situ laser processing schemes for the development of graphene-based interlayers and TCEs, incorporated within CIGS/Perovskite tandem PV cells. Although the benefits of using graphene-based compounds as interfacial and TCE layers within single-junction perovskite solar cells has been proven, to date such approach has not been yet explored for tandem solar cells technologies. LASEGRAPH tackles this challenge by means of the fabrication of high-performance CIGS/Perovskite cells incorporating graphene-based interlayers and TCEs, developed via in-situ, non-contact, and room temperature laser processing techniques. The proposed approach is expected to have an immediate impact on both the academia and industry, as it addresses simultaneously the two major scientific challenges that hinder the commercialization of the perovskite PV technology. Specifically, graphene-based layers are expected to improve drastically the charge carrier extraction and thus the PV efficiency, as well as to protect the sensitive perovskite absorber, giving rise to improved stability. At the same time, the LASERGRAPH approach is simple and cheap, while its in-situ, non-contact and post-fabrication nature makes it readily adoptive in industrial PV production lines.


Related IP activities: New Technologies & Materials

Addressed IP targets: Major advances in efficiency of established technologies (Crystalline Silicon and Thin Films) and new concepts

Funding Scheme: ERA-Net

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 1030000

1C4PV - One intelligent cloud for PV Assets Diagnosis and Maintenance

C4PV is an industry-driven demonstration project that will contribute to achieve the reduction of the total costs of photovoltaic (PV) generation and the Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCoE), providing advanced and automated functions for data analysis for the early fault diagnosis (detection and classification) and maintenance planning for PV assets. Those functions will be part of a cloud platform that collects data from the Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), Internet of Things (IoT), sensors and information systems, such as maintenance management or inspections and facilitates the decision making for optimum Operations and Maintenance (O&M). Machine learning algorithms and other artificial intelligence techniques are the back-bone of early and reliable fault diagnosis. As a result, 1C4PV will face the main challenges of the PV industry (LCoE reduction) through the optimization of O&M processes in PV plants while maximizing production using the available resources. The main KPIs to measure the project success are the expected O&M costs reduction by 10% and the increase of the Performance Ratio (PR) indicator by 3-4%. To achieve the project's objectives, the partners will bring on board their extensive experience and expertise in the field, starting the project from a leading position. The working plan includes the standardization of a prototype solution, the testing phase in laboratory and the demonstration in real operating environment.The plan covers the following technical actions: analyze technologies and application, modeling PV plants and data characterization for multiple topologies, algorithms development for problem diagnosis and maintenance decision support systems.The project consortium is well balanced with three actors covering the whole value chain: a specialist in information systems for monitoring and control of renewables (Isotrol, Spain), an O&M company for solar plants (Tegnatia, Turkey) and a Research Centre for PV generation optimization (FOSS - UCY, Cyprus)


Related IP activities: Operation and diagnosis of photovoltaic plants

Addressed IP targets: Reduction of the cost of key technologies

Funding Scheme: ERA.NET

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 502056.8

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ECOSun - Economic COgeneration by Efficiently COncentrated SUNlight

ECOSun targets a radical cost reduction of electricity and heat co-generation via a CPV-T system, by applying low-cost materials and advanced industrial manufacturing methods. Solar radiation is captured in a parabolic through concentrator based on a novel support structure fabricated by injection molding and focused on a Co-Generation Absorber Module (CAM), where special c-Si-PV-cells are operated under concentration. The heat dissipated through the cells is transferred into a heat transfer fluid (HTF) and -in combination with the generated electricity -can be used for various applications, such as solar cooling or heating, significantly increasing system efficiency.


Related IP activities: Operation and diagnosis of photovoltaic plants

Addressed IP targets: Reduction of the cost of key technologies

Funding Scheme: ERA.NET

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 1235193

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PERCISTAND - Development of all thin-film perovskite on CIS tandem photovoltaics

A realistic approach to increase the efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) devices above the Shockley-Queisser single-junction limit is the construction of tandem devices. PERCISTAND focuses on the development of advanced materials and processes for all thin film perovskite on chalcogenide tandem devices. This tandem configuration is at an early stage of development today. The PERCISTAND emphasis is on 4-terminal tandem solar cell and module prototype demonstration on glass substrates, but also current- and voltage-matched 2-terminal proof-of-concept device structures are envisaged. Key research activities are the development and optimization of top wide band gap perovskite and bottom low band gap CuInSe2 devices, suitable transparent conductive oxides, and integration into tandem configurations. The focus is on obtaining high efficiency, stability and large-area manufacturability, at low production cost and environmental footprint. Efficiency target is 30 % at cell level, and 25 % at module level. Reliability and stability, tested in line with International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards, must be similar as commercially available PV technologies. High manufacturability means that all technologies applied are scalable to 20×20 cm2, using sustainable and low-cost materials and processes. The cost and environmental impact will be assessed in line with International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and must be competitive with existing commercial PV technologies. Such a tandem device significantly outperforms not only the stand-alone perovskite and chalcogenide devices, but also best single-junction silicon devices. The development will be primarily on glass substrates, but also applicable to flexible substrates and thus interesting for building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) solutions, an important market for thin film PV. Hence, the outcome has high potential to strengthen and regain the EU leadership in thin film PV research and manufacturing.


Related IP activities: PV for BIPV and similar applications,New Technologies & Materials

Addressed IP targets: Major advances in efficiency of established technologies (Crystalline Silicon and Thin Films) and new concepts ,Reduction of the cost of key technologies ,Further enhancement of lifetime, quality and sustainability and hence improving environmental performance

Funding Scheme: H2020

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 5055821.4

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INMoSt

In order to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate the effects of climate change, the energy sector requires an urgent energy transition at a global scale. In the domain of photovoltaics, despite the great effort devoted for large scale implementation, price reduction is still the main concern to become fully cost-competitive with traditional energy sources. In this frame, two main parameters can lead to photovoltaic cost-per-Watt reduction, namely higher conversion efficiency and lower production cost.

The purpose of INMoSt is the realization of low-cost, high-efficiency, multi-junction solar cells using a single material family, namely III-nitride semiconductors. This target becomes possible by combination of a series of innovative technologies. First, recent developments of the InGaN-nanopyramid growth method have made it possible to enhance the In incorporation in the material which reducing the density of structural defects. Then, the implementation of an h-BN-based simple lift-off and transfer process allow a drastic reduction of the fabrication costs. Finally, the improvement of the conductivity of the p-region and of the p-contact is now possible by depositing Mg-doped layers by molecular-beam epitaxy and using an n+/p+ tunnel contact scheme. The combination of these recent breakthroughs have set the basis for the implementation of low-cost (re-use of the substrate) and high-efficiency InGaN solar cells. The first milestone will be the demonstration of beyond-state-of-the-art, free-standing, and flexible InGaN-based solar cells. This will be realized by the encapsulation into PDMS of the lifted-off solar cells. The ultimate goal will be the fabrication of a stack of such solar cells, each step with a different band gap in order to grant access to a large region of the solar spectrum, and using a process fully compatible with conventional integrated circuit production technology.

The INMoSt consortium brings together two partners with complementary experimental and theoretical expertise and capabilities: GT CNRS and CEA-IRIG-PHELIQS. INMoSt researchers possess backgrounds in science and engineering with expertise in experimental and theoretical aspects of nitride materials and nanostructures, growth kinetics, semiconductor fabrication processes, material characterization, and device physics. The functional strategy of the project is based on three main building blocks of technology optimization: simulation and design, epitaxial growth and device fabrication. Assessment of these building blocks will be assisted by material characterization and device tests and measurements.

Photovoltaics is becoming a major industry, with constant growth in terms of economic and social benefits. Preparing the next steps of development, in particular the 30-30-30 challenge (production of photovoltaic modules with a >30% energy conversion efficiency for a <30 c$/Wp price by 2030), starting from basic research and innovation is extremely important. INMoSt will provide the first low-cost, high-efficiency, multi-junction solar cells (SC) using a single material family, namely III-nitride semiconductors.


Related IP activities: New Technologies & Materials

Addressed IP targets: Other

Funding Scheme: Other - ANR

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 386884

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SCALEUP - Large scale molecular simulation of perovskite solar cells

Metal halide perovskites (MHP) have emerged as one of the most studied semiconductors due to their excellent optoelectronic properties. This is evidenced by the rapid development of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with a record certified photoconversion efficiency nowadays of 25.2%, similar to those of silicon cells (https://www.nrel.gov/pv/cell-efficiency.html). Nonetheless, industrial application of PSCs is critically hampered by instability issues, including intrinsic, environmental, and operational factors. Instability is attributed to several chemical and dynamical processes that occur at very distinct time scales, like slow ionic rearrangements and physical and chemical interactions in the bulk and at interfaces with contact layers. These phenomena cause IV hysteresis, and ultimately, device degradation. In this proposal, we combine the complementary capacities of classical and quantum computational tools to develop versatile numerical models for large scale molecular dynamics, capable to capture the physics and chemistry that trigger processes causing instability issues. To this end, we will (1) establish a universal set of reliable and transferable reactive force fields for Classical Molecular Dynamics (CMD) simulations and (2) develop new methods to describe dynamics and chemistry of MHP in the long-time scale. We will apply them to study the intrinsic stability of complex MHP alloys and their interactions with selective oxide contacts. The force fields and large scale MD simulations will be refined and validated by experimental data involving X-ray diffraction, photoelectron spectroscopy and electrical measurements in the time/frequency domains of functioning devices. The availability of these numerical tools and user-friendly software, with the potential to describe with reasonable accuracy complex MHP alloys for large sizes and in the long-time scale, will make it possible to accomplish key advances to extend the durability of PSCs and to provide software and testing benchmarks to enable researchers to achieve this goal


Related IP activities: New Technologies & Materials

Addressed IP targets: Major advances in efficiency of established technologies (Crystalline Silicon and Thin Films) and new concepts

Funding Scheme: ERA.NET

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 1020591

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NEEMO

Hybrid and electric mobility solutions for land and sea are imperative for Maltese Islands. With the EU-funded NEEMO project, Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology (MCAST) will partner with two leading institutions namely CEA France, AIT Austria and another urban community member, ANEL Cyprus to investigate various attributes and challenges associates with e-mobility, such as energy and location management, especially for the Maltese geographical setting. Talented researchers have the chance to participate in a series of events including meetings, conferences, schools, workshops and exchange programmes. The project will enhance MCAST Energy profile, which in turn reflects the positive development of Malta knowledge economy including its ambition as a regional energy hub, solar country, AI state and maritime hub.


Related IP activities: PV for BIPV and similar applications

Addressed IP targets: Further enhancement of lifetime, quality and sustainability and hence improving environmental performance

Funding Scheme: H2020

% of PV in the project: 20

Total budget: € 800000

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EKATE

EKATE - Monitoring electrical photovoltaic energy and shared self-consumption in transborder area France-Spain, by the use of "Blockchain" and "Internet of Things" technologies.
The INTERREG POCTEFA (France, Spain, Andorra) area has a great environmental capital and local energetical resources that need improvements in terms of operational support.
EKATE project tackles this challenge, aiming to turn POCTEFA area into a technological reference for and by shared self-consumption for the promotion and development of efficient and smart services of monitorization of the electrical energy by generating photovoltaic renewable energy and shared self-consumption, through "Blockchain" and "Internet of Things" technologies.
It includes three main activities:
- An analysis of the current situation of the companies and technologies in terms of monitorization of electrical photovoltaic energy and shared self-consumption in transborder area France-Spain, and of the opportunities of development.
- The implementation of two pilot experiences of self-consumption of photovoltaic electrical energy in Atlantic Pyrenees and Catalonia by the use of two innovative technologies, "Blockchain" and "Internet of Things".
- An evaluation of the pilot experiences with an extension plan (political recommendations)


Related IP activities: PV for BIPV and similar applications

Addressed IP targets: Other

Funding Scheme: Interreg

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 1290971

COMODO

This proposal aims at developping appropriate models and efficient accurate numerical methods for the high-performance simulation and the optimization of the fabrication process of thin film solar cells.

The production of the thin film inside of which occur the photovoltaic phenomena accounting for the efficiency of the whole solar cell is done via a Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) process. More precisely, a substrate wafer is introduced in a hot chamber where the different chemical species composing the film are injected under a gaseous form. Molecules deposit on the substrate surface, so that a thin film layer grows. In addition, the different components diffuse inside the bulk of the film, so that the local volumic fractions of each chemical species evolve through time. The efficiency of the final solar cell crucially depends on the final chemical composition of the film, which is freezed once the wafer is taken out of the chamber. A major challenge consists in optimizing the fluxes of the different atoms injected inside the chamber during the process in order for the final local volumic fractions in the layer to be as close as possible to target profiles.

Two different phenomena have to be taken into account in order to correctly model the evolution of these local volumic fractions: 1) the cross-diffusion phenomena between the various components occuring inside the bulk of the film; 2) the evolution of the surface of the thin film layer.
In the context of a collaboration with IPVF (French Photovoltaic Institute), Virginie Ehrlacher [PI] and a PhD student, proposed a one-dimensional cross-diffusion system defined on a moving domain in order to model the evolution of the local concentrations of the different components inside the film during the PVD process. Comparisons between numerical simulations and experimental measurements yielded encouraging results on the relevance of this approach.

However, the model studied by the PI and her student suffers from several limitations. Because of its one-dimensional nature, it is not currently possible to study geometrical effects due to surface tension or surfacic cross-diffusion phenomena which occur at the surface of the film. These phenomena are nevertheless extremely important to take into account, in particular for the production of curved solar cells for building-integrated photovoltaics. There is a crucial need for overcoming these limitations and proposing a multi-dimensional model for the PVD process along with an accurate numerical scheme for the approximation of its solutions, which can be used in order to optimize the production process of such thin film solar cells. This represents a significant scientific advance with respect to the existing models and numerical methods which we wish to address in this proposal.

Four main tasks are identified to tackle this challenging problem:
1) identifying appropriate models for the evolution of the local volumic fractions of the various chemical species inside the film and of its surface. Such models read as cross-diffusion systems defined on a domain with moving boundary, taking into account surface cross-diffusion phenomena;
2) developing numerical schemes for the simulation of such models, which should respect the mathematical properties of the considered systems;
3) parallelizing the obtained numerical schemes, using time-space domain decomposition methods and parareal algorithms;
4) designing accurate and efficient reduced-order models, which will be used for the calibration of the parameters entering the model with experimental data and for the optimization of the PVD process.


Related IP activities: New Technologies & Materials

Addressed IP targets: Major advances in efficiency of established technologies (Crystalline Silicon and Thin Films) and new concepts

Funding Scheme: Other - ANR

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 213810

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PSLM

Dynamic glazing systems, i.e. windows capable of controlling incoming solar radiation, can significantly reduce energy consumption for lighting and air conditioning in buildings. However, the widespread use of smart window technologies in buildings is still limited by high costs, high energy consumption, long payback periods, slow device response times or lack of operational control. This project focuses on a new device concept, that we call the “photovoltaic spatial light modulator” (or PSLM), a novel dynamic glazing system that has strong potential to bypass some of the bottlenecks that currently limit the integration of smart windows into buildings. PSLM devices are hybrid optically-addressable liquid crystal light modulators that include an organic photovoltaic multilayer as the photosensitive element and offer many potential advantages over other smart window systems. They can operate without an external power supply, their response time is several orders of magnitude smaller than that of most other chromogenic devices, they can be easily controlled by the user, their color in the clear state depends on the organic semiconductor band-gap and can be adjusted by chemical engineering, and the photosensitive organic layers can be solution processed and are therefore compatible with large area devices. The architecture of the PSLM device combines, in an unprecedented way, a twisted nematic liquid crystal layer with an organic donor/acceptor bulk heterojunction to produce a new optically functional system. The optical response of the device results from the photoelectric field generated spontaneously by the bulk heterojunction that modifies the liquid crystal director and alters the device transparency. This very particular device design raises a number of scientific and technical challenges that will be addressed in this project, with the goal to improve the performances and broaden the scope of PSLM devices. We aim to better understand and control the interface between the liquid crystal and organic layers, improve the transparency of the device in the clear state, develop more advanced device structures, and explore ways to make the PSLM sensitive to infrared light while remaining highly transparent in the visible range.


Related IP activities: PV for BIPV and similar applications

Addressed IP targets: Enabling mass realization of NZEB by BIPV through the establishment of structural collaborative innovation efforts between the PV sector and key sectors from the building industry

Funding Scheme: Other - ANR

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 444697

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SPRINT

The joint lab SPRINT, for joint-lab for advanced robust printable organic semiconductors, will address the design of new high-performance organic semiconductors, to meet the needs of the French and the European industry in the fields of organic photodetectors (OPDs) and organic photovoltaic solar cells (OPV). The SPRINT laboratory will bring together two very complementary partners: on the one hand the Organic Electronics team of the Materials Integration to Systems Laboratory (IMS, CNRS UMR 5218) of the University of Bordeaux (http://oembordeaux.cnrs.fr), recognized worldwide in the design, fabrication and characterization of OPV and OPD devices, and PCAS, a French Mid-Sized Enterprise specialized in the development and industrialization of complex molecules and polymers, particularly for the microelectronics and organic electronics markets. The complementary nature of the partners makes it possible to masterize the entire R&D cycle of these new materials towards their industrialization and commercialization. The SPRINT joint laboratory will allow, by feedback loop, a dynamic co-development of new semiconductors enabling devices to perform at the state-of-the-art of OPD and OPV while maintaining an acceptable complexity, i.e. an attractive production cost of the semiconductors. SPRINT will focus on the role of impurities from the organic synthesis on the device performances and stability. In particular, the ambition is to define impurity thresholds that are criticial to enable reliable and sustainable materials supply to the OPV and OPD markets.


Related IP activities: New Technologies & Materials

Addressed IP targets: Major advances in efficiency of established technologies (Crystalline Silicon and Thin Films) and new concepts

Funding Scheme: Other - ANR

% of PV in the project: 50

Total budget: € 350000

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PV-ANALYTIC - Advanced photovoltaic system monitoring and analytics solution enhanced with intelligent interoperable data-driven features for efficient big data real-time analysis, failure diagnosis, automated management and integrated micro-grid control

A main challenge in the scope of ensuring high photovoltaic (PV) plant performance and fully flexible plant operations towards smart grid concepts, is to ensure reliability by increasing and safeguarding production through advanced, robust and cost-effective PV system monitoring and operational control that is enhanced with efficient automatic artificial intelligent (AI) data-driven functionalities. Along this context, the key battlegrounds of technical solutions that support high PV power plant performance and smart grid integration functionalities, are associated with the capabilities of intelligent data analytic methods that provide proactive and real-time energy loss diagnostics, automated reactive maintenance and integrated control functions.It is with this background that the PV-ANALYTIC project has been initiated in order to primarily assess PV system big data performance monitoring and control requirements, formulateprocedural functions for the acquisition, aggregation and interoperability of new technologies (battery energy storage systems and smart inverters) and develop novel data-driven health-state analytics. The algorithms will be integrated to an edge computing solution with cloud-connectivity which will be an innovative multi-service interoperable health-state monitor and advanced PV power plant controller (PPC) that is enhanced with user-friendly visualisations and financial components in the cloud. The project is expected to have significant impact on the value chain of the technology given the reduction of PV electricity costs, by increasing the lifetime output, improving the operational efficiency and optimizing system operations. Targeting further enhancement of lifetime, quality and sustainability of PV is in-line with the primary objectives of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan) for Operation and diagnosis of PV plants and new communicative, automated and interactive developments such as Solar 3.0, Internet of Things (IoT) and Industry 4.0 concepts. This is the first time such a system will be demonstrated with functionalities well beyond the current state-of-the-art, and is well anticipated in the fast growing PV market with continuously narrowing profit margins and intelligent grid supportive operational functionalities. In addition, the advanced monitoring system can further act as the buffer between PV power plants and the smart grid, contributing with the control algorithms to supportive functions for grid stability especially for the important task and requirement by many distribution/transmission system operators (DSO/TSO) for PV power plant flexibility with the utilization of PV, smart inverters and battery energy storage systems (BESS). The proposed system is therefore of prime interest to a large stakeholder target group ranging from policy makers and utilities, plant operators, engineering procurement construction (EPC) contractors, module producers and investors.Finally, the project is based on a bilateral collaboration (Austria – Gantner Instruments GmbH and Cyprus – University of Cyprus) that will assist in materialising its objectives, contributing to solar energy ambitions as well as generating an innovative commercial product that will enhance the competitiveness of their research and industries


Related IP activities: Operation and diagnosis of photovoltaic plants

Addressed IP targets: Reduction of the cost of key technologies

Funding Scheme: ERA.NET

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 460080

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HighLite - High-performance low-cost modules with excellent environmental profiles for a competitive EU PV manufacturing industry

At present, the vast majority of PV modules manufactured in the EU are based on imported crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells, mostly standard Aluminium Back Surface Field (Al-BSF) technology or Passivated Emitter and Rear Cell (PERC) technology, and conventional cell interconnection technology (soldering of flat ribbons). This results in PV modules with moderate performance and relatively poor environmental profiles (mostly due to the high CO2 footprint of the imported cells).

The HighLite project aims to substantially improve the competitiveness of the EU PV manufacturing industry by developing knowledge-based manufacturing solutions for high-performance low-cost modules with excellent environmental profiles (low CO2 footprint, enhanced durability, improved recyclability). To achieve this, the HighLite project focuses on thin (down to 100 μm) high-efficiency crystalline silicon solar cells with passivating contacts and capitalizes on the learnings from previous large funded projects. In HighLite, a unique consortium of experienced industrial actors and leading institutes will work collectively to develop, optimize, and bring to high technology readiness levels (TRL 6-7) innovative solutions at both cell and module levels. In practice, HighLite will demonstrate high-efficiency ¼ size (or smaller) cut solar cells (silicon heterojunction cells with efficiency η ≥ 23.3%, interdigitated back-contact cells with η ≥ 24.3%; only 0.2% less than full size cells) in pilot-line manufacturing. Industrial tools will be developed in the project for assembling these cut-cells into high-efficiency modules tailored for various distributed generation (DG) applications. More specifically, the following developments will take place:

1. building-applied PV modules with η ≥ 22% and a carbon footprint ≤ 250 kg-eq.CO2/kWp,
2. building-integrated PV modules with η ≥ 21% and improved shading tolerance,
3. 3D-curved vehicle-integrated PV modules with η ≥ 20% and a weight ≤ 5 kg/m2.

Finally, HighLite aims to show improved cost and performance (both through indoor testing and outdoor demonstrators) against state-of-the-art commercially available modules. Altogether, it is expected that the solutions developed in HighLite will:

1. create more demand in Europe and worldwide for such DG products,
2. significantly improve the competitiveness of industrial actors that are part of the consortium, and
3. trigger significant investment in the EU PV industry.


Related IP activities: PV for BIPV and similar applications,Technologies for silicon solar cells and modules with higher quality,Manufacturing technologies

Addressed IP targets: Reduction of the cost of key technologies ,Enabling mass realization of NZEB by BIPV through the establishment of structural collaborative innovation efforts between the PV sector and key sectors from the building industry ,Major advances in manufacturing and installation

Funding Scheme: H2020

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 15119008.8

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ANALYST PV

Modern photovoltaic (PV) technologies are highly efficient and productive and can last up to 25 years and more. However, continuous maintenance is needed to keep them operating at top capacity. An estimated 30% of PV plants underperform, and current maintenance practices fall short in reliably identifying faults in PV equipment.
The ANALYST PV consortium will develop a fault diagnosis framework that relies on Internet of Things (IoT) sensors, AI-enabled root cause analysis and automatic image analysis. The proof of concept will be used to simplify practices for preventative PV asset management using the power of data.


Related IP activities: Operation and diagnosis of photovoltaic plants

Addressed IP targets: Further enhancement of lifetime, quality and sustainability and hence improving environmental performance

Funding Scheme: Other (imec.icon)

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 192971948

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JUMP2Excel

JUMP2Excel aims to step up and stimulate scientific excellence and innovation capacity of MCAST Energy in the field of PV integration including related technologies such as energy storage and ancilliary services and electricity markets. This is achieved by joint universal activities with a group of top world leading research centres, Centro Nacional de Energia Renovables (CENER) in Spain and Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA) in France together with one of the best research intensive university The University of Manchester (UNIMAN) in United Kingdom, providing access to extensive network and contacts in the field. The activities are mainly knowledge transfer and networking through a series of workshops, winter/summer schools, MRes and PhD programmes, internships, exchanges, meetings and mentoring. MCAST Energy is experiencing a self-funding growth within its breath of energy research theme that lead on campus. In addition, the MCAST main campus infrastructure together with laboratories will be the first ‘living laboratories’ on the island, used for real-life applications while delivery training and research as well. This TWINNING project will provide a stimulus of required knowledge to become more efficient and competitive to an international level of excellence. JUMP2Excel is designed for all partners to benefit in a way that goes sustainably beyond the three-year funding period. This eventually will result in enhanced skills sets and profile of MCAST Energy which in turn reflect the positive development of Malta knowledge economy including its ambition as a regional energy hub, solar country and blockchain state.


Related IP activities: PV for BIPV and similar applications,Technologies for silicon solar cells and modules with higher quality,New Technologies & Materials,Operation and diagnosis of photovoltaic plants,Manufacturing technologies,Cross-sectoral research at lower TRL

Addressed IP targets: Reduction of the cost of key technologies ,Further enhancement of lifetime, quality and sustainability and hence improving environmental performance ,Enabling mass realization of NZEB by BIPV through the establishment of structural collaborative innovation efforts between the PV sector and key sectors from the building industry

Funding Scheme: H2020

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 1004885

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ICEMAN

Achieving high yields is a key element in the competitiveness of photovoltaic. Among third generation photovoltaic devices, solar cells based on hot carrier operation aim at reducing the thermalization process while obtaining high absorption. The project consortium is highly involved in recent achievements towards the realization of a complete device. The objective is to fabricate an ultra-thin hot carrier solar cell.
The main outcomes will be to (i) develop characterization techniques to quantitatively probe the achievable efficiency and explore the thermodynamic properties of individual carrier and use metric from thermoelectricity (ii) design and fabricate nanophotonic structures to collect most of the incoming light (iii) develop accurate models including optical response and electrical transport (iv) fabricate and optimize high efficiency hot carrier solar cells (V) observe and quantify an increase in photovoltaic performances by the presence of hot carriers.


Related IP activities: Cross-sectoral research at lower TRL

Addressed IP targets: Other

Funding Scheme: Other - ANR

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 611087

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PROOF

The PROOF project (Photovoltaic and Green ROOF) aims to compare roofing systems and their energy-environment impacts and performance with contrasting urban development scenarios, linked to the associated territorial challenges. It is particularly interesting to study an innovative combined system, combining an extensive green roof and a photovoltaic panel. To address this problem, PROOF brings together a consortium composed of Cerema, LEMTA, LMOPS, LSE, CSTB and Efficacity. It bases its scientific approach on four hypotheses that it intends to verify during the project: 1) Incident solar energy in summer dissipated by a green roof mainly in the form of latent heat fluxes, creates a decrease in the localized air temperature providing conditions favourable to the increase in electrical efficiency of a photovoltaic panel; 2) an extensive green roof with a structure capable of storing rainwater, promotes evapotranspiration flows and can therefore further improve the panel's efficiency; 3) at the building level, we assume that the overall energy balance (production/energy consumption per use + grey energy) is more advantageous for a combined system than for a standard bare or green flat roof; 4) compared to a conventional roof configuration, a combined system provides additional ecosystem services that can be assessed and valued at the neighbourhood level. To address these different hypotheses, PROOF is divided into four scientific tasks. The first is to provide all the data and characterizations needed for modelling heat exchange between the panel and the green roof, as well as for modelling heat transfer in the panel and its impact on performance. This task also provides comparison data for other roof configurations (standard, cool-roof and extensive green roof with rainwater storage). Both models are studied in detail in Task 2: contribution of radiative, convective and latent heat fluxes; evaluation of the temperature at the rear of the panel on the delivered power. The transition from system scale to building scale is addressed by Task 3, which assesses the thermal performance of different configurations at the building scale, but also the energy-environmental and ecological performance at both scales (devices and building) under different climatic conditions. The aim is to highlight the savings on consumption at the handset scale, improved efficiency, increased service life and at the building scale. Finally, Task 4 seeks to identify and evaluate the impacts and benefits associated with the types of devices tested, which are to be compared with the local challenges of the neighbourhoods, settings and urban areas in which they will be located.


Related IP activities: PV for BIPV and similar applications

Addressed IP targets: Enabling mass realization of NZEB by BIPV through the establishment of structural collaborative innovation efforts between the PV sector and key sectors from the building industry

Funding Scheme: Other - ANR

% of PV in the project: 100

Total budget: € 503235

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If you wish to get in contact with any of the project coordinators please send us an email to info@pvimpact.eu